History of nutrition | Wikipedia audio article

History of nutrition | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nutrition

00:01:03 1 History of human nutrition
00:01:13 1.1 Antiquity
00:04:09 1.2 Galen to Lind
00:07:04 1.3 Lavoisier and modern science
00:10:04 1.4 From 1900 to the present
00:13:52 2 Nutrients
00:14:46 2.1 Macronutrients
00:16:57 2.1.1 Carbohydrates
00:18:18 2.1.1.1 Fiber
00:20:02 2.1.2 Fat
00:22:07 2.1.3 Essential fatty acids
00:25:07 2.1.4 Protein
00:27:06 2.1.5 Water
00:30:19 2.1.6 Alcohol (ethanol)
00:31:33 2.2 Micronutrients
00:31:46 2.2.1 Minerals
00:32:48 2.2.1.1 Macrominerals
00:33:57 2.2.1.2 Trace minerals
00:35:13 2.2.2 Vitamins
00:36:02 3 Phytochemicals
00:37:10 4 Intestinal bacterial flora
00:38:27 5 Animal nutrition
00:38:58 6 Plant nutrition
00:41:29 7 Advice and guidance
00:41:38 7.1 Government policies
00:43:09 7.2 Government programs
00:45:06 7.3 Education
00:46:44 7.4 Professional organizations
00:48:06 8 Nutrition literacy
00:50:55 9 Malnutrition
00:52:08 9.1 Insufficient
00:52:35 9.2 Excessive
00:53:06 9.3 Unbalanced
00:53:37 9.4 Illnesses caused by deficient nutrient consumption
00:53:47 9.5 Mental agility
00:54:02 9.6 Mental disorders
00:54:35 10 Processed foods
00:58:28 11 Outline of nutrition
00:58:37 11.1 Academic publishing
00:58:54 11.2 Biology
00:59:08 11.3 Dangers of poor nutrition
00:59:17 11.4 Fats
00:59:25 11.4.1 Saturated fats
00:59:33 11.4.2 Monounsaturated fats
00:59:42 11.4.3 Polyunsaturated fats
00:59:50 11.5 Food
00:59:58 11.6 Healthy diet
01:00:14 11.7 Lists
01:00:22 11.8 Nutrients
01:00:30 11.9 Organic acids
01:00:39 11.10 Organizations
01:00:47 11.11 Professions
01:01:01 11.11.1 Amino acids
01:01:17 11.12 Tools
01:01:27 12 See also
01:01:49 13 Notes and references
01:01:58 14 Bibliography
01:03:33 15 External links

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SUMMARY
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Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism. It includes food intake, absorption, assimilation, biosynthesis, catabolism, and excretion.The diet of an organism is what it eats, which is largely determined by the availability and palatability of foods. For humans, a healthy diet includes preparation of food and storage methods that preserve nutrients from oxidation, heat or leaching, and that reduces risk of foodborne illnesses.
In humans, an unhealthy diet can cause deficiency-related diseases such as blindness, anemia, scurvy, preterm birth, stillbirth and cretinism, or nutrient excess health-threatening conditions such as obesity and metabolic syndrome; and such common chronic systemic diseases as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and osteoporosis. Undernutrition can lead to wasting in acute cases, and the stunting of marasmus in chronic cases of malnutrition.

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